The market and the firm



Ronald Coase, “The Nature of the Firm,” Economica (N.S.) 4: 386-405 (November 1937).



Aléa moral, surveillance et coûts de surveillance.




Y. Barzel, "Measurement Costs and the Organization of Markets," Journal of Law and Economics 25(1): 27-48 (April 1982).



 A. Alchian and H. Demsetz, "Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization," American Economic Review 62(5), December 1972.


 M.C. Jensen and W. H. Meckling, "Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure," Journal of Financial Economics 3: 305-360, 1976.


B. Holmstrom and P. Milgrom, "Multi-Task Principal-Agent Analyses: Linear Contracts, Asset Ownership and Job Design," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 7: 24-52 (1991).



Spécificité des actifs


B.Klein, R. G. Crawford, and A.Alchian, "Vertical Integration, Appropriable Rents, and the Competitive Contracting Process," Journal of Law and Economics 21(2): 297-326 (1978).


O. E. Williamson, The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press, 1985, chapters 7 and 8.


B.Klein, "Vertical Integration as Organizational Ownership: The Fisher Body-General Motors Relationship Revisited," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 4(1): 199-213 (Spring 1988), reprinted in Oliver E. Williamson and Sidney G. Winter, eds., The Nature of the Firm. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. (W&W.)


R. N. Langlois and P. L. Robertson, "Explaining Vertical Integration: Lessons from the American Automobile Industry,Journal of Economic History 49(2): 361-375 (June 1989). (Langlois and Robertson, chapter 4.)


S. Helper, J. P.MacDuffie, and C. Sabel, "Pragmatic Collaborations: Advancing Knowledge while Controlling Opportunism," Industrial and Corporate Change 9(3): 443-488 (2000). Symposium on the General Motors-Fisher Body case, Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 43, No. 1, April 2000.




Théorie des coûts de transaction



O.E. Williamson, The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press, 1985, chapters 1, 2, and 3.


A. Alchian and S.Woodward,"The Firm Is Dead; Long Live the Firm: A Review of Oliver E. Williamson's The Economic Institutions of Capitalism," Journal of Economic Literature 26(1): 65-79 (March 1988).



L’approche Coasienne




R. H. Coase, "The Nature of the Firm," Economica (N.S.) 4: 386-405 (November 1937).


R.H. Coase, "The Nature of the Firm: Origin, Meaning, Influence," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 4(1), Spring 1988, reprinted in Oliver E. Williamson and Sidney G. Winter, eds., The Nature of the Firm. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. (W&W.)


S. N. S. Cheung, "The Contractual Nature of the Firm," Journal of Law and Economics 26: 122 (April 1983).


C. Dahlman, "The Problem of Externality," Journal of Law and Economics 22: 141-162 (1979).